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Jazz, spirits and Bootleggers: America in the Twenties
Human life in this world has often seen the transitions. These transitions have occurred in all ages, in every century. However, the last of the transitions that have been occurring in the twenty-first never impressed me. The twentieth century was a little better, but not the best. The nineteen nineties saw some good events, but obviously it had to be the twenties that I believe all individuals of the time current would have loved to live, Oh, there are very few that period are still alive, and most of them are in their late or nineteen hundreds. But their memories are so sharp after all someone could forget the days of the golden age of America.
The Prelude 1918 – 1923
The period of progress and the transition is referred to as the "Roaring Twenties" or the "age Jazz "had its origins in the optimistic and progressive thinking of a new generation of Americans who came from the rigors of the First World War. The Treaty of Versailles in 1919 had destroyed the power of the enemy who had so feared so completely that Americans felt more secure. As a result, the economy rose to new heights. Their purchasing power had increased considerably and spent lavishly on enjoyment and clothing. This phase of progress is contemporary with the approval Volstead Act January 29, 1920 that made the sale of all forms of illegal liquor. This led to the birth of a bootlegging business thriving with captains of smuggling liquor from Canada. For this reason, the period since 1920, and ends with 1933, when the ban was brought to an end by an amendment, is also known as the "prohibition era".
Another great invention which summarizes the thinking and culture during the 1920s Colt was the Thomson-sub-machine gun inventor whose General John T. Thompson launched a version for the general public in 1919. This weapon, known colloquially as the weapon of "Tommy" was the most lethal weapon ever managed to American audiences and soon found favor with the smuggling business managers who used to perform some of the most gruesome murders ever committed.
The Golden Age 1923 – 1929
The prosperity and development in America was at its peak between 1923 and 1929. Motor cars became the preferred means of transport. Ford, Dodge Brothers Packard, Haynes and Winton were some of the top automobile manufacturers. Lavish lifestyle, expensive jewelry and expensive vacations became the trend of the times.
The year 1923 saw the death of U.S. President Warren Harding also saw the emergence of a hitherto unknown gangster named Al Capone Alphonse Capone or in distant City of Chicago. Capone quickly rose through the ranks of organized crime, eventually moving his boss Johnny Torrio and wrested control of crime organized throughout the U.S.. Popularly known as "Scarface" Capone was the most feared gangster of the time and virtually ruled Chicago until the early 1930 with its money and muscle power (at a time, even had a Chicago Mayor William Hale "Thomson, popularly known as" Big Bill " on your payment). This period is remembered in Chicago for gangwars, nightclubs, where illegal liquor and jazz music were served, the rampant corruption in the administration and the police and the gruesome killings of civilians and police encounters that took place.
A typical gentleman of the 1920s wore a cotton shirt or silk tie. Men belonging to the U.S. average fast growth of the class wore on their shirts buttoned jackets and a coat on top of the jacket. Not infrequently, ties or bow ties replaced jackets buttoned. Hats, monocle and walking sticks were in vogue at the time and were used even by men who were bald or blind or lame. Wearing sunglasses to movie stars.
In women's fashion, skirts decreased in size over time. It was a marked departure from the conservatism of the Victorian era. A typical woman of the era bopper hair and wore short skirts and excessive makeup is known as trap ".
Jazz originated in New Orleans in 1900 as a fusion of African Americans, Jewish, Italian and post-Victorian styles of European music. However, jazz music flourished greatly during the 1920s supported by sponsorship Active mafia Dons like Al Capone, who tied the stars of jazz playing in their clubs. Louis Armstrong, arguably one of the greatest exponents of jazz, made during this period. The rapid pace of jazz renditions seemed more glamorous and attractive to American critics and audiences unorthodox the slow pace of classic 18th century European music. Jazz marked the transition of waltzes and sonatas of Mozart and Beethoven to pop and rock music of our time.
The 1920s saw the transition from black and white to color and silence for sound film. The film-production company during the year 1900 is the preservation of the few adventurers, increased manifold during the 1920s. Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Greta Garbo, John Gielgud, John Barrymore, Charlie Chaplin, Spencer Tracy and Bob Hope were among the stars whose career flourished in the decade 1920. Comedian Bob Hope, who died in 2003 at age 100 years, once told his nerve-cracking experience in the conduct of Al Capone. The impact of Sea, the first film in Technicolor type 2 occurred in 1922. The Jazz Singer (1927) was the first talkie, while (1927 Viking) was the first film Type 3 shot in Technicolor. On With The Show conducted in 1929 was the first sound film produced in Technicolor. Following these first films shot there were many Technicolor which estimated that it would replace the color black and white film in its entirety by 1930. However, this would not be like the Great Depression hit Hollywood and turned to black and white in order to reduce production costs.
Walter Elias Disney took its first animated Mickey Mouse movie in 1928. This was a landmark in film history. Over the next few years, comics were many, mostly from Disney, but some also by MGM and Paramount. Most of these early cartoons were filmed in Technicolor.
The 1920s saw impressive milestones established in the various sports and track and field events at the time. The baseball legend Babe Ruth was in his heyday in the 1920s. Holds the record for highest that have stood for decades. Finland's Paavo Nurmi, set the record for long corridors distance (1,500 m). Charles Lindbergh made the first nonstop transatlantic flight in 1927 and became a celebrity in his time. However, the celebrity has shown be a nightmare of Charles Lindbergh, when his young son was kidnapped for ransom in 1932 and later murdered.
The collapse Wall Street and the last stage 1929 – 1933
On 24 October 1929, famous in history as "Black Thursday" on Wall Street crashed. The stock prices quickly fell down the U.S. economy. It spelled the doom of millions of Americans and precipitated the Great Depression. Millions were left jobless and destitute. However, the roaring twenties and lasted until 1933, when a second fall more brought ruin.
The impact of The Great Depression was widespread. Production of expensive color film were detained. Car showrooms were full of unsold cars. There were no movements of labor in the U.S.. Elsewhere, communism was increasingly regarded as the best alternative to the capitalist system of economy that prevailed in the U.S.. The UK is another country that was hard hit by the Great Depression. The Government of British India dramatically increased the price of salt and other products core leading to widespread famine. These events led indirectly to MK Gandhi's Dandi March. Movements in Burma, was calling for nationalist separation of the British colony of Burma from India and the expulsion of extortion Chettiar moneylenders in India.
The strength of the party Labor have grown in Britain. A series of round table conferences will be held to plan a solution to the issue of India. There was disappointment general in all developed countries with the current capitalist system of economics.
On 14 February 1929, hit men disguised as Al Capone team police "raided" by a stockade of illegal liquor belonging to a rival gangster "Bugs" Moran. Assuming that they are police officers, the seven members of Moran's team turned their backs on the "agents" and stood with his arms in the air. Immediately, the "police" opened fire machine-gun killing seven of them in the act. Forensic evidence showed that the seven victims were almost cut in two by machine gun fire. "Police" later led some men to the car and left. This act provoked widespread condemnation and public outrage. A newspaper Al Capone brand as "the public enemy number one lifestyle. The expensive and luxurious of these gang members while the rest of the U.S. population was suffering in poverty to the height of the Great Depression caused the wrath of the general public. Al Capone, but he missed once again due to lack of evidence, but was arrested in 1932 by tax evasion charges. He was convicted and sentenced to imprisonment for eleven years, the longest term of imprisonment granted for tax evasion. Al Capone, however, does not serve his term. He was released after six and half years due to good behavior. However, by the time he was out of jail, their criminal empire had been liquidated. Thus ended the career of one of the most dangerous gangster of the twentieth century.
The 1920s typifies the mentality of war between those of America. This marked the transition from the industrial revolution era computers. Most of the gadgets that we are in our daily lives today as vacuum cleaners, refrigerators, tube lights, motor mowers, television sets, washing machines and elevators gained wide acceptance in this period. There was also an increase in the popularity of amusement parks and roller coasters. A number of inventions Last minute journey made during this time. John Logie Baird invented television in 1927, Alexander Fleming invented penicillin in 1928. The Zippo, the first modern cigarette lighter was invented in 1932.
The 1920s witnessed an outbreak of demand for cars that were available at prices much cheaper. Cars without horses in the early 1900s with heavy brass fittings and expensive, and the lights were turned down more compact cars and cheap fashion. Ford launched his Model A in 1927. This was perhaps the first motor car for the least populated of American middle class.
In early 1930, the road was widened to cover all of America. This gradually dropped railway companies out of business. The durability of vintage car was made long distance travel easy and comfortable.
This period also witnessed many political changes. Imperialism was universally condemned and human rights and values respected. The monarchy was rejected in favor of democracy. Apparently, there were many movements for democracy throughout the world. There was an amazing amount of racial equality in America, where African-American artists and African-American culture were held in great esteem for the first time, despite the fact that the ultra-racist Ku Klux Klan was at the zenith of his popularity during this period. Almost every popular jazz musicians of the time were of African-American ethnicity and extravagant amounts of money received as wages. In Europe, the period saw the rise of right-wing movements such as fascism in Italy and Nazism in Germany. In India, Montagu-Chelmsford reforms were approved in 1919. In accordance with the provisions of these acts, free and fair elections were held for the first time in the province of Madras. The Company of Nations was created in 1919 to arbitrate in disputes between countries in the world. The dramatic growth in transport and communication fostered globalization and inter-cultural dialogue.
The 1920s are considered by some as a dark age where there was a widespread degeneration and immorality. For some, it was a golden era when one could hope for sun and stars, yet they. America was at the zenith of its prosperity. Reyes had lost much of its power and influence around the world as the general inclination of people thought he was in favor of democracy only to be replaced by movie stars, smugglers, inventors and entrepreneurs who lived in regal splendor. However, I never can choose to ignore the twenties, as did the Twenties the America we know today. This was probably the period when the U.S. was the UK in search of leadership among nations. Above all, the 1920s than any other period in American history, exemplified the great American dream.
"Asylum is vanishing from among us. We have not yet reached the goal, but given the opportunity to continue the policies of the past eight years, we will soon … be within sight of the day when poverty will be banished from this nation …. When the war ended, the most vital of all issues, both in our own country and around the world whether governments should continue their wartime ownership and the many instruments of production and distribution. We have been challenged by an option in times of peace between the American system of rugged individualism and European philosophy of diametrically opposed doctrines – doctrines of of paternalism and state socialism. The acceptance of these ideas would have meant the destruction of self-government through centralization of government. That would meaning the weakening of the individual initiative and enterprise through which our people have grown to unparalleled greatness. By adherence to the principles of free decentralized government, equal opportunities and freedom of the individual, our American experiment in human welfare has been a certain degree of unprecedented prosperity throughout the world. It has brought the abolition of poverty, the abolition of fear of want of humanity has gone before. The progress of the past seven years is proof it. This alone provides the answer to our opponents, who asks us introduce destructive elements in the system by which this has been achieved ".
-Herbert Hoover, President of the United States of America, 1929 to 1933.
About the Author
I am a bank employee and a history buff from India. I am also a regular contributor to Wikipedia.
America’s Mafia Obsession – Jack Garcia
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